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Identifying Venomous Snakes

If you are unfamiliar with the different types of snakes and unable to distinguish between venomous and non-venomous ones, it can be difficult to know how to act in the event of a bite. If you are unsure if the snake that bit you is venomous, treat the situation as if it was.

Most snakes  are not venomous(Jehrile), but several types are. All but the coral snake are pit vipers, distinguishable by a pit, or depression, between the eye and nostril. Pit vipers also have a triangular head.If you or someone you are with has been bitten by a snake, you will likely know immediately. It is possible, though, for the bite to happen quickly and for the snake to disappear.

To identify a snake bite, consider the following general symptoms:

·         two puncture wounds

·         swelling and redness around the wounds

·         pain at the bite site

·         difficulty breathing

·         vomiting and nausea

·         blurred vision

·         sweating and salivating

·         numbness in the face and limbs

Some venomous snakes also cause symptoms specific to their type.

First Aid for Snake Bites It is essential to get a victim of a snake bite to a medical facility for emergency treatment as quickly as possible. However, there are some tips that you should also keep in mind:

·         Call 108 immediately.

·         Keep the victim calm and still. Movement can cause the venom to move more quickly through the body. Consider making a splint to restrict the movement of the affected area.

·         Remove constricting clothing or jewelry. The area of the bite will likely swell, so it is important to remove these items quickly.

·         Carry or transport the victim by vehicle. This person should not be allowed to walk.

·         If the snake is dead, take it with you for identification. Do not waste time hunting it down, though.

There are also several outdated first aid techniques that are now believed to be unhelpful or even harmful. Do not do any of the following:

·         Do not use a tourniquet.

·         Do not cut into the snake bite.

·         Do not use a cold compress on the bite.

·         Do not give the victim any medications unless directed by a doctor.

·         Do not raise the area of the bite above the victim’s heart.

·         Do not attempt to suck the venom out by mouth (CDC, 2012).

·         Do not use a pump suction device. While these devices were formerly recommended for pumping out snake venom, it is now believed that they are more likely to do harm than good.

Treatment for Snake Bites

The most important thing to do for a snake bite victim is to get him or her emergency medical help as soon as possible. A doctor will evaluate the victim to decide on a specific course of treatment. In some cases, a bite from a venomous snake is not life-threatening. The severity depends on the location of the bite and the age and health of the victim. If the bite is not serious, the doctor may simply clean the wound and give the victim a tetanus vaccine.

If the situation is life threatening, the doctor may administer an antivenom. This is a substance that is created with snake venom to counter the snake bite symptoms. It is injected into the victim intravenously. The sooner the antivenom is used, the more effective it will be.

Prevention of Snake Bites

Snake bites can be prevented in many cases. Refrain from approaching or handling snakes in the wild. Avoid areas of tall grass and piled leaves, as well as rock and woodpiles. These are typical places in which snakes like to hide.

When working outside where snakes may be present, wear tall boots, long pants, and leather gloves. Avoid working outside during the night and in warmer. 

Outlook for a Snake Bite

The outlook for snake bite victims is highly variable. For a non-venomous snake bite, the outlook is excellent if the wound is cleaned and treated promptly. For a venomous bite, the outlook is good if the victim receives emergency care very soon after the bite has occurred. Healthy adults with shallow bites have a better outlook than children and those with weakened immune systems who have received deep bites.

Article Sources:

§  Heller, J. L. (2010, January 13). Snake bites. National Institutes of Health.Retrieved June 14, 2012, fromhttp://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000031.htm

§  Snake bites. (n.d.). Wexner Medical Center, Ohio State University. Retrieved June 14, 2012, fromhttp://medicalcenter.osu.edu/patientcare/healthcare_services/emergency_services/non_traumatic_emergencies/snake_bites/pages/index.aspx

§  Snakebites: first aid. (2012, April 18). Mayo Clinic. Retrieved June 14, 2012, from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-snake-bites/FA00047

Venomous snakes. (2012, February 24). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved June 14, 2012, fromhttp://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/snakes/
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
सूचना

ये वेबसाइट सिर्फ पब्लिक को इनफार्मेशन देने के पर्पस से बनाई गयी है, किस डॉक्टर, हॉस्पिटल, ब्लड बैंक,पैथोलॉजी को कांटेक्ट करना है , ये आपका (पब्लिक) का निर्णय है, इसमे किसी भी प्रकार से वेबसाइट की कोई भी जिम्मेदारी नही होगी....